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Tree Selection Guide

Small Garden Trees

Acer griseum – The Paperbark Maple with its peeling red and cinammon bark. Good autumn colour
Aesculus pavia – A handsome shrubby tree with glossy foliage and crimson flowers in June/July
Alnus glutinosa ‘Imperialis’ – Very graceful, deeply cut leaved form of our native alder
Amelanchier alnifolia – A large shrub with masses of white fragrant flower and black fruits.Very lime-tolerant. Good autumn colour
Betula utilis jacquemontii – The white-barked Himalayan Birch
x Chitalpa tashkentensis – A rare hybrid of Catalpa forming a small tree with abundant large flowers of pink and white in late summer
Cornus florida – A small bushy tree, with attractive white bracts in May and rich autumn colour
Crataegus persimilis prunifolia – A striking small round headed tree with showy fruits and good autumn colour
Magnolia ‘Yellow Fever’ – An upright growing tree with creamy-yellow scented late flowers
Malus transitoria ‘Thornhayes Tansy’ – A very dissected leaved form of this species. Discovered in the same batch as Malus ‘R.J. Fulcher’
Nothofagus antarctica – A distinctive small- to medium-sized tree, with small glossy leaves that colour well in autumn
Photinia villosa – A small deciduous tree with hawthorn-like flowers, large red fruits and bright gold autumn colour
Prunus ‘Shogetsu' – An attractive small flat-topped tree with white blossom. One of the latest Japanese cherries to flower
Pterostyrax hispida – A dainty small tree with pendant scented flowers in summer. Good autumn colour
Sorbus commixta ‘Embley’ – Probably the best Rowan for Autumn colour, glowing red studded with large bunches of fruit
Sorbus vilmorinii – A dainty species with feathery foliage turning burgundy in autumn. Fruits pink at first turning white
Tilia henryana – A beautiful slow-growing Chinese species, with downy pink young leaves. Flowers in autumn
Ulmus x hollandica ‘Dampieri Aurea’ – A small upright tree with golden leaves DED resistant
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Upright Trees for Small Spaces

Acer x conspicuum ‘Phoenix’ – A small tree with dazzling red and amber stems
Betula pendula ‘Fastigiata’ – A columnar form of the native Silver Birch
Calocedrus decurrens – The distinctive, fastigiate Incense Cedar. A striking large cypress-like tree
Cupressus sempervirens ‘Totem’ – The distinctive Italian Pencil Cypress
Eucryphia cordifolia – A columnar evergreen small tree with large white scented flowers in August/September
Eucryphia x nymansensis ‘Nymansay’ – A medium sized columnar evergreen tree with large white flowers in August/September
Magnolia ‘Gold Star’ – One of the new yellow hybrids. An upright small tree.Very hardy. Flowers like a yellow M. stellata
Malus ‘Marshall Oyama’ – A narrow upright tree with large white blossom and yellow-flushed red
Malus tschonoskii – A vigorous upright species with striking autumn colour
Picea omorika – Serbian Spruce. A stunningly architectural, lime tolerant fir tree
Populus tremula ‘Erecta’ – A tightly fastigiate form of the native Aspen
Prunus ‘Spire’ – A small upright cherry with soft pink flowers and good autumn colour
Pyrus callyreana ‘Chanticleer’ – A narrow-growing white-flowered tree with glossy foliage, that turns fiery in autumn
Sorbus ‘Hillings Spire’ – A handsome totally fastigiate rowan. Much more vigorous than S. aucuparia ‘Fastigiata’
Sorbus hupehensis – A strong growing upright tree. Silvery blue foliage and large clusters of white fruits
Taxus baccata ‘Fastigiata’ – The distinctive columnar Irish Yew, of churchyards and formal gardens
Ulmus x hollandica ‘Dampieri Aurea’ – A small upright tree with golden leaves
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Weeping Trees

Alnus incana ‘Pendula’ – A vigorous but graceful weeping tree of medium size
Betula pendula ‘Tristis’ – A distinctive elegant medium-sized tree. The branchlets hang in graceful curtains
Betula utilis jac. ‘Knightshayes’ – A form with an unusual habit of growth similar to B. pendula ‘Tristis’
Carpinus betulus ‘Pendula’ – A large vigorous graceful weeping tree. Not a dwarf as described in ‘Hilliers Manual’
Cercidiphyllum japonicum ‘Amazing Grace’ – A beautiful tree with spreading cascading branches
Euonymus europaeus ‘Thornhayes’ – Our own selected form. An outstanding large shrub with a more pendulous habit than ‘Red Cascade’. Autumn colour is bronze with prolific persistent pink fruits
Fagus sylvatica ‘Pendula’ – A handsome large weeping tree
Fagus sylvatica ‘Purpurea Pendula’
Ginkgo biloba ‘Pendula’ – An unusual weeping form of this popular tree. Gold autumn colour
Morus alba ‘Pendula’ – The Weeping White Mulberry. Sweet edible fruits produced on a small very pendulous tree
Picea breweriana –
Populus tremula ‘Pendula’ – A very graceful weeping tree with nodding foliage
Prunus cerasifera ‘Pendula’ – A rare form with broad weeping head of green leaves and white flowers in early spring
Pyrus salicifolia ‘Pendula’ – The popular Silver Weeping Pear
Quercus robur ‘Pendula’ –
Salix x pendulina ‘Elegantissima’ – A medium-sized, very weeping, willow, with blue/green narrow leaves
Salix x sepucralis ‘Chrysocoma’ – The popular Weeping Willow
Tilia tomentosa 'Petiolaris'
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Evergreen garden hedges

Buxus sempervirens – Common Box. A native evergreen shrub, long used for hedging
Euonymus japonicus – (S)
Ilex aquifolium and cultivars – The native Holly Tree. Makes an excellent hedge
Laurus nobilis – The culinary Bay Leaf and Laurel of the Ancients (S)
Ligustrum ovalifolium – Garden Privet. A vigorous evergreen hedge, good for coastal sites (S)
Phillyrea latifolia – An excellent wind and salt tolerant large evergreen shrub for topiary or seaside shelter (S)
Pittosporum tenuifolium – A small evergreen tree with dark, scented flowers. Excellent coastal hedge (S)
Prunus lusitanica – Portugal Laurel. A large vigorous glossy lime-tolerant evergreen shrub. Excellent for hedge and shelter planting (S)
Quercus ilex – The well known Evergreen or Holm Oak (S)
Taxus baccata – The well known native Yew Tree. Excellent for formal hedges
Thuja plicata – The Western Red Cedar. A handsome vigorous evergreen tree, tolerant of wet sites. Makes a rapid attractive hedge
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Deciduous garden hedges

Acer campestre – The native Field Maple
Carpinus betulus – An attractive native tree with good autumn colour
Crataegus monogyna – The native Hawthorn or Quickthorn of hedges
Fagus sylvatica and cultivars – The native beech tree
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Trees and shrubs for autumn foliage colour

Acer (most)
Aesculus (most)
Amelanchier (all)
Betula (most)
Carpinus (all)
Cercidiphyllum japonicum
Cladrastris (all)
Cornus (most)
Cornus (most)
Crataegus crus-galli – An attractive wide-spreading small tree with large thorns. Masses of white blossom in June followed by large red persistent fruits
Crataegus pedicellata – A spreading thorny tree with good fruits and autumn colours
Crataegus persimilis prunifolia – A striking small round headed tree with showy fruits and good autumn colour
Crataegus phaenopyrum – The Washington Thorn is a handsome tree up to 10 m, with striking autumn fruits and foliage and maple-like leaves
Fagus sylvatica and cultivars – The native beech tree
Gingko biloba and cultivars – The Maidenhair Tree. An ancient species with distinctive lobed leaves that turn rich gold in autumn
Hydrangea quercifolia – A striking deciduous shrub with white lacecap flowers in summer and rich red leaves in autumn
Larix spp. and cultivars
Liquidamber styraciflua and cultivars
Liriodendron spp. and cultivars
Malus hupehensis – Plentiful scented white flowers. Small red fruits. One of the finest crabs
Malus transitoria and cultivars – A beautiful small tree with profuse white blossom, amber fruits and good autumn leaf colour
Malus tschonoskii – A vigorous upright species with striking autumn colour
Metasequoia
Ostrya carpinifolia – The Hop Hornbeam. A medium sized tree with attractive toothed leaves that turn gold in autumn. Attractive catkins
Photinia villosa – A small deciduous tree with hawthorn-like flowers, large red fruits and bright gold autumn colour
Prunus ‘Beni Yutaka’ – A newly introduced Japanese cherry. A vigorous tree with good autumn colour and deep pink semi-double flowers in early spring
Prunus ‘Okame’ – A small tree, flowers deep pink in February/March. Good autumn colour
Prunus sargentii – Spectacular autumn foliage. Small pink flowers
Prunus x yedoensis – A beautiful garden tree. Flowers early, pale blush, almond scented. Fiery autumn colour
Pseudolarix amabilis – The Golden Larch is a hardy, slow-growing rare Chinese species, with foliage that turns a beautiful clear gold in autumn
Pyrus callyreana ‘Chanticleer’ – A narrow-growing flowering tree with glossy foliage
Pyrus ussuriensis – A medium-sized tree with masses of white blossom and rich-red autumn colour
Quercus coccinea and cultivars – The Scarlet Oak. Spectacular in autumn
Quercus palustris – The American Pin Oak. A large elegant tree with good autumn colour
Quercus rubra – The Red Oak. A handsome, large, fast-growing American species
Ribes odoratum – Buffalo Currant, a medium-sized hardy deciduous shrub with red autumn leaf colour
Sorbus commixta ‘Embley’ – Probably the best Rowan for Autumn colour, glowing red studded with large bunches of fruit
Sorbus ‘Hillings Spire’ – A handsome totally fastigiate rowan. Much more vigorous than S. aucuparia ‘Fastigiata’
Sorbus sargentiana – A large magnificent Chinese species. Sticky red winter buds, good autumn colour and huge bunches of red fruits
Stewartia pseudocamellia – A small tree with attractive peeling bark. Small white cupped flowers. Red and yellow autumn colour. Does best in deep acid soils in some shade
Taxodium
Viburnum opulus – Geulder Rose. An attractive large native shrub with masses of red fruits and fiery autumn leaf colour
Viburnum plicatum – Tiered branches, masses of white lacecap flower heads, rich red autumn colour
Viburnum sargentii – Vigorous shrub with white lacecap flowers in spring and maple-like leaves that turn fiery in autumn
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Trees for avenues

Acer campestre ‘William Caldwell’ – A rare fastigiate form. Bright red autumn colour
Acer platanoides
Acer pseudoplatanus and cultivars
Aesculus hippocastanum – The common Horse Chestnut or Conker tree
Calocedrus decurrens – The distinctive, fastigiate Incense Cedar.A striking large cypress-like tree
Carpinus betulus and cultivars – An attractive native tree with good autumn colour
Cedrus spp. and cultivars
Corylus colurna – The Turkish Hazel.A handsome large pyramidal tree with attractive fissured bark
Fagus sylvatica and cultivars – The native beech tree
Fraxinus spp. and cultivars
Gingko biloba – The Maidenhair Tree. An ancient species with distinctive lobed leaves that turn rich gold in autumn
Liquidamber styraciflua and cultivars
Liriodendron tulipifera and cultivars – The Tulip Tree is a large handsome species with butter-gold autumn colour
Metasequoia glyptostroboides – The Dawn Redwood.A vigorous deciduous conifer, with red sinuous stems pink/red autumn colour. Very tolerant of moist or wet sites
Ostrya carpinifolia – The Hop Hornbeam.A medium sized tree with attractive toothed leaves that turn gold in autumn.Attractive catkins
Pinus nigra nigra – Austrian Pine.A large majestic, lime-tolerant tree, suitable as a specimen or in shelter planting
Platinus spp. and cultivars
Prunus avium and cultivars
Prunus padus and cultivars
Quercus spp. and cultivars
Sequoiadendron giganteum and cultivars
Tilia spp. and cultivars
Ulmus glabra cultivars – The famous Giant Redwood, or Wellingtonia, supposedly the largest growing tree in the world
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Trees for screening and wind shelter ((S) = suitable for near the sea)

Acer campestre – The native Field Maple
Acer platanoides
Acer pseudoplatanus (S)
Alnus spp. (S)
Amelanchier canadensis – A large suckering shrub, tolerant of damp sites. Attractive white blossom and good autumn colour
Arbutus unedo – The Killarney Strawberry Tree.A handsome native evergreen tree or large shrub, with persistent strawberry-like fruit.Withstands coastal erosion
Betula pendula – The graceful native Silver Birch, The Lady of the Woods
Carpinus betulus – An attractive native tree with good autumn colour
Crataegus monogyna – The native Hawthorn or Quickthorn of hedges
Cupressus macrocarpa – The Monterrey Cypress. Excellent for coastal shelter planting
Eucalyptus spp.
Fagus sylvatica – The native beech tree
Fraxinus spp. and cultivars
Ilex spp.
Nothofagus antarctica – A distinctive small- to medium-sized tree, with small glossy leaves that colour well in autumn
Pinus nigra
Pinus sylvestris – Scots Pine.The beautiful native species with silver/blue foliage and attractive stems
Populus (most)
Quercus robur – The native Pedunculate Oak
Salix (most)
Sorbus aria and cultivars
Sorbus aucuparia and cultivars – The native Rowan
Sorbus intermedia – A vigorous healthy tree with large crops of red fruits
Thuja plicata
Ulmus glabra ‘Gittisham’ – A DED resistant clone of the ‘Wych Elm’ found near the village of Gittisham, Devon
Ulmus procera – The English Elm.This clone is resistant to DED
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Trees for heavy clay soil

Acer campestre cultivars – The native Field Maple
Acer platanoides cultivars
Acer pseudoplatanus cultivars
Aesculus (most)
Alnus (all)
Carlinus (all)
Catalpa (all)
Crataegus (all)
Eucalyptus (all)
Euonymus (all)
Fraxinus (all)
Ilex (all)
Liquidambar (all)
Malus (all)
Metasequoia
Nyssa (all)
Platanus (all)
Populus (all)
Prunus avium and cultivars
Prunus maackii – A pretty tree with shining gold/amber stems.White racemes of flower
Prunus padus and cultivars
Pyrus (all)
Quercus (all)
Salix (all)
Sorbus torminalis
Ulnus (all)
The native Wild Service Tree – Leaves maple like, fruits russeted
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Trees for wet soils and waterside

Alnus (all)
Amelanchier (all)
Betula nigra – The North American River Birch. Shaggy peeling bark of mixed white, grey and brown
Liquidamber styraciflua and cultivars
Metasequoia glyptostroboides and cultivars – The Dawn Redwood. A vigorous deciduous conifer, with red sinuous stems pink/red autumn colour. Very tolerant of moist or wet sites
Nyssa (all)
Populus tremula and cultivars
Salix (all)
Taxodium distichum and cultivars – An attractive large deciduous conifer, with good autumn colour.Tolerant of wet and dry sites
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Trees for poor dry soils

Acer campestre and cultivars – The native Field Maple
Acer platanoides and cultivars
Acer pseudoplatanus and cultivars
Ailanthus altissima – The Tree of Heaven, with large pinnate leaves
Alnus cordata – The Italian Alder. Excellent for rapid screening and shelter.Tolerant of all soils
Betula (most)
Castanea sativa and cultivars – The Sweet Chestnut is a large distinctive tree, first introduced to Britain by the Romans
Cedrus
Cercis
Crataegus
Cupressus glabra and cultivars
Cupressus macrocarpa – The Monterrey Cypress. Excellent for coastal shelter planting
Ilex
Laburnum
Platinus
Populus alba and cultivars – The common white poplar. Felted white leaves on a striking vigorous tree
Populus tremula and cultivars – The native Aspen
Pinus
Prunus padus and cultivars
Quercus robur and cultivars
Sorbus intermedia
Taxus baccata and cultivars
Thuja plicata and cultivars – A vigorous healthy tree with large crops of red fruits
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